Hafez Ibrahim (Arabic: حافظ إبراهيم) (1871–1932), also referred to simply as Hafiz or Hafez, was a well known Egyptian poet of the early 20th century. He was dubbed the “Poet of the Nile”, and sometimes the “Poet of the People”, for his political commitment to the poor. His poetry took on the concerns of the majority of ordinary Egyptians, including women’s rights, poverty, education, as well as his criticism of the British Empire and foreign occupation.
He was one of several Egyptian poets that revived Classical Arabic poetry during the latter half of the 19th century. While still using the classical Arabic system of meter and rhyme, these poets wrote to express new ideas and feelings unknown to the classical poets. Hafez is noted for writing poems on political and social commentary.